July 14, 2024

It’s 5:30am on a cold Saturday and Paddy’s Markets Flemington, a fruit and vegetable market in western Sydney, is already buzzing.

Trolleys weave through shoppers bargaining with cash in hand and traders shouting their prices.

Josh Blythe and his son Chris have arrived with a mammoth task.

“We are here to feed 12 families for the next week with a bunch of fruit and veggies,” the co-founder of Killarney Heights Fruit Co-op tells The Business.

Mr Blythe’s cooperative is a voluntary bulking buying community group.

Each family devotes three to four hours of their time once every three months to do the shopping.

The budget is $20 a family for a box of fresh produce that lasts for a week.

Joshua Blythe buys boxes of fresh produce that are then distributed through his family co-op.(ABC News: John Gunn)

“We generally get higher volume, lower costs and better quality than some of the major supermarkets,” Mr Blythe said.

They take the food home and divide it up before it’s collected by the rest of the families.

The goal is to save money on groceries.

“If we had to do that in the [major] supermarkets, it would probably be about $60 a week,” Mr Blythe said.

“We’re probably saving two-thirds on our weekly grocery bill just for the fruit and veggies.”

Josh and Chris Blythe say shopping through their co-op has cut their grocery bill be two-thirds.(ABC News: John Gunn)

More co-ops formed as cost of living bites

Vendor Frankie Schipirra, whose family has been in the fruit and vegetable business for decades, said he’s seen an influx of small informal co-ops at Paddy’s Markets due to cost-of-living pressures over the last six to 12 months.

“A lot more families getting together, and neighbours getting together to buy a box of this and a box of that and share it,” he said.

“You come down to Paddy’s and you cut out the middleman, you can get stuff that comes direct from the wholesaler or the grower at a reasonable price.”

While Mr Blythe’s co-operative is informal, some have set up as profit-sharing enterprises or non-profit organisations offering membership to the public.

Frankie Schipirra has observed more and more people shopping through co-ops.(ABC News: John Gunn)

“When we think of companies, we often think of shareholder companies,” Melina Morrison, CEO of the Business Council of Co-operatives and Mutuals said.

“When we think of cooperatives, we need to think of a different type of owner, the owner is the user of the business.”

Ms Morrison said these cooperative structures allowed people to pool their purchasing power in the face of cost-of-living pressures.

“It makes absolute sense to cooperate when you’re trying to solve a need that you all share and that’s what co-ops are formed to do.”

Ms Morrison adds that the purpose of a co-op is to deliver benefits back to members, rather than profit maximisation and returns to investors.

In Australia, cooperatives exist across a broad range of industries including banking, insurance, agriculture, motoring and retail.

According to the Business Council of Co-operatives and Mutuals, 8 in 10 Australians are members of at least one co-operatively owned business.

Cooperatives, including member-owned super funds, account for about 8.3 per cent of GDP.

While small informal co-ops are generating savings on a small scale, the business model has potential to add more compeition in the supermarket sector.(ABC News: John Gunn)

How is a co-op supermarket different from Woolworths and Coles?

In the Barossa Valley in South Australia, 90 per cent of the local population shops at Barossa Co-op, in an area where Coles and Woolworths are absent.

The cooperative is Australia’s largest and longest-standing retail co-operative.

It was established in 1944 as a general store and has since grown into a major co-op that runs a supermarket and services for 23,000 members.

CEO Cathy Main said the way they handle their profits differentiates the co-op from major supermarkets because their profits were returned to the community through sponsorships and price discounts.

“It feeds into the cooperative ethos of working together, cooperation, collaboration, to be a self-reliant community in controlling its economic and lifestyle future,” she said.

“Last year, we provided just under $500,000 worth of discounts in Barossa Fresh supermarket alone, with fuel discounts included.”

Ms Main said members enjoy cheaper prices but also retain a say in how the co-op is run through voting rights.

Cathy Main runs a co-op with 23,000 members in South Australia.(ABC News: Simon Goodes)

Australia’s supermarket sector is highly concentrated, with Woolworths and Coles controlling two-thirds of the market.

A recent report by the former chair of the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) found a lack of competition is allowing for exploitative practices, which is hurting Australian households and grocery suppliers and might be adding to inflation

Less than 1 per cent of the sector are co-operative supermarkets.

However, in countries like Switzerland (70 per cent), Germany (46.5 per cent) and France (35.8 per cent), co-op supermarkets account for a big chunk of the market.

Melina Morrison says co-ops are a powerful tool for addressing cost of living pressures. (ABC News: John Gunn)

More competition, lower prices

After a number of inquiries, the federal government is imposing a mandatory code of conduct on supermarkets.

They will face fines of up to $10 million if they mistreat suppliers.

While Ms Main said her co-op supermarket doesn’t fall under the code because it didn’t meet the annual revenue threshold of $5 billion, they take their relationships with suppliers seriously.

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