April 19, 2024

Some of America’s biggest companies, including Tesla, T-Mobile, and Netflix, were front and center in a new report that reveals how much companies paid in federal income taxes — compared to how much they made in profit, and what they paid their top executives.

The Institute for Policy Studies and Americans for Tax Fairness released a report Wednesday that highlighted “a significant number” of major U.S. companies, 35 in total, that paid its top five executives more than they paid in federal income taxes between 2018 and 2022.

Elon Musk’s Tesla was No. 1 on the list. The company paid its top five executives $2.5 billion over five years while bringing in $4.4 billion in U.S. profit.

Tesla Motors CEO Elon Musk speaks to the media next to its Model S during a press conference in Hong Kong. 25JAN16 SCMP/ Nora Tam (Photo by Nora Tam/South China Morning Post via Getty Images)

Musk has a net worth of around $184 billion, with about $69.7 billion of that total based on the value of his Tesla stock, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index. Musk is one of the top three richest people in the world.

The report points out that despite Tesla’s record profits, the company “has never paid a nickel in federal income taxes.” A potential cause of this trend, according to the report, could be Tesla carrying losses forward from before it became profitable.

“These loss carryforwards smooth out the often boom-bust nature of corporate finances,” the report reads.

Related: ‘Next Tesla’ Electric Car Startups Hit Speed Bump: ‘Investors Want To See Demand’

T-Mobile was second on the list, with a profit of $17.9 billion in the U.S. over five years and zero net federal income taxes. The top five executives there were paid $675 million from 2018-2022, according to the report, with CEO and president Mike Sievert receiving $158 million of that total.

There are a number of tax avoidance, or tax minimizing, strategies mentioned in the report, including shifting American profits to offshore tax havens or using stock option tax deductions.

The report does not take state, local, or payroll taxes into account.

Related: Elon Musk Warns Tesla Workers They’ll Be Sleeping on the Production Line to Build Its New Mass-Market EV

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